Matryoshka is the Russian wooden doll. For a hundred years now, she has been fascinating the world with the simple grace of the line and amazing painting.
The Originating Point
In Moscow in the 90s of the 19th century, the figure of the good-natured old man was brought from Japan to the toy workshop of A. Mamontov, “Children’s Education”. They depicted the ancient sage Fukurumu, whose bald head stretched upward from constant thought. Fukurum was revealed. In the old man there were several other figures, nested inside one another.
Already the first samples provoked the delight of buyers, in just a few years the manufacture of dolls spread throughout Russia. In 1900, the Russian nesting doll became an exhibit at the World Exhibition in Paris, where it made a splash. The fashion for matryoshka was born, and in 1904 Russia began their massive export. Also there are the nesting dolls of the Russian leaders. You need to know why Russian leader Nesting dolls are so popular. There are ceratin answers to that now.
Wooden nesting doll
The range is constantly expanding. Matryoshka dolls appeared, depicting individual plots, girls with baskets, knots, sickles, bouquets of flowers.
They wrote girls in sheepskin coats, with a shawl on their heads and felt boots in their hands, old men with rich beards and cowherd boys with pipe. They depicted a matryoshka in the form of a groom in a dress coat with a burning candle, a bride in a wedding dress with a veil and a candle, and inside on the next figures of relatives.
Wooden nesting doll
On the centenary of the birth of I. V. Gogol, the best masters carved and painted matryoshkas depicting the most popular literary heroes of the writer. (So ??the domestic pseudo-cooperators are not pioneers in their attempts to present the members of the government in the form of dolls.) Several large series were carved by craftsmen based on children’s fairy tales and fables. You can find more exquisitely carved nesting dolls at nestingdolls.co
In a word, there is a whole world of real and fabulous heroes
A little later, a “roly-poly” appeared a single-seater doll with a rounded bottom. In the lower part of this small figure tightly laid a load of metal, which ensured its stability at any inclination. Painted “dolls” in the same way as usual dolls, but to make them easier.
What do you need to have?
First of all, make the simplest latheon the base of a hand drill (see fig.). The design is simple. The main support is attached to the body of the drill. On the metal rack mounted clamp. At first, the bottom board is tightly fitted to it with a length of approximately 170 mm, a width of 70 mm, and a thickness of 20-25 mm. Parts are bolted with M10 bolts. A second sideboard of the same length and thickness is nailed to the board with three nails, and a width of about 95 mm. Then a third one is nailed from the butt, measuring 95x90x20 mm. It is necessary to drill a hole in it for the counter screw that replaces the tailstock. It is drilled a little smaller and lubricated with engine oil. The sharp tip of the screw must be sharpened and cleaned with a file and sandpaper. To avoid self-loosening in the process of work, you can put a lock nut. It is better to make a forward basic level (handhold) from a beech or a birch.
- A longitudinal rounded recess is made on the front face of the board. It is designed to rest the bent index finger, when during processing you have to hold the cutter in your right hand, resting it against the edge of the plank. For convenience, the support bar can be rotated by the screw, screwed into the bar on the left side. The M8 thumbscrew is mounted on the right. There is also a wing nut, which allows you to adjust the force of rotation of the board. For reliability, attach the machine to a bench or table.
- On this stanochka you can carve a tumbler with a height of 100 mm. For larger ones, a more “professional” wood lathe is required. The basis for it will be a welded frame from the corners, mounted on a stable wooden table or workbench. The electric motor is from the washing machine. The tailstock is made of a sleeve and a large bolt with a pointed end and a retainer. You can adjust the tailstock from the old lathe. The construction of the manufacture of the hand and the shield-screen is not particularly complex. The axial alignment of the motor shaft and tailstock can be adjusted by placing washers between the motor and the frame.
Work begins with the choice of blank wooden blanks. It is better to take it from a broken chair, table or wooden bed. The material is the most seasoned, dry and durable. Now cover one end and insert it into the cartridge, fasten the other end with a stop screw and clamp it. Then make the first test – see how the chips are removed. If everything is in order, you can start turning at the specified contour.
- When working, the knife blade should rest against the end of the rear wall and work in two directions: left and right. Finishing turning is not worth it. Finish the work better with a file and sandpaper. If the dolls are made small, then, without cutting off the work piece, you can turn next one.
After removing the blank from the chuck, they manually clean the joints on the file and skin. To suck dust when working with a file, you can “arrange” the hood with a vacuum cleaner or just put on a gauze bandage. At the very last stage, a hole is drilled in the end of the blank. They can be ordinary solder. Pour it into the recess, wait until it hardens. Then sand the surface so that it is flush with the work piece.